1st Grade Concepts
What First Graders Are Learning
What We Are Learning In First Grade

Reading       

Have your child orally read stories at home as well as read independently with a whisper voice.  Oral reading helps build fluency and comprehension.

Reading Strategies they should be using

  • Look at pictures and think about what is happening
  • Touch words and sweep through the sentence
  • If word in unknown get mouth ready and sound stretch through the word , then repeat the word to make sure it makes sense
  • If reading a sentence choppy,  repeat again to make sure it makes sense and to make sure that the child is reading with a better flow

Writing Sentences or Story Writing

  • Begin every sentence with a capital letter
  • Leave a finger space between each word
  • End every sentence with a . , ?, or !

When writing a story (We are working on the following…)

  • Begin with an opening sentence (One sunny day….)
  • Use transition words (first, next, after that, then, last, finally)
  • Add a final sentence for closure Ex. I had a great day at the beach!
  • Use adjectives,  describing words to help make stories more interesting to the reader

 

 

Math

At this time we have covered both addition and subtraction through 10.  It is important they your child practice a lot so that they can start to memorize these facts.  Using a number line is very helpful for some children

Addition

Example

7+3=?  Read problem.  Put 7 in your head and add 3 more.(8,9,10)

7+3=10

Subtraction

Example

10-3=? Read problem.  Put 10 in your head and add count back 3, (9,8,7)

10-3=4

Understanding fact families helps children remember facts.

Fact Families include 3 related numbers

Example

4+2=6

2+4=6

6-4=2

6-2=4

Solving Word Problems

Children must read the problem decide whether to add or subtract and write the answer with a picture and number sentence

Example

Jack has 4 cookies.  He gives 2 to Luke.  How many cookies does Jack have left?

4-2=2

Jack has 2 cookies left.

Math is everywhere.  Children can solve problems while grocery shopping or setting the table.  While out and about with your child let them help you count items and pay for items using math in real life situations  will help children build number sense.